The main objective of the apiculture project is conservation and sustainable use of fisheries resources by fishers in Union communities: i.e. Provide alternative / complementary livelihood opportunity for fishers and associated families, with the aim of reducing pressure on fisheries resources. As it relates to the theory of change, it’s the assumption that fishers would extract less from the marine environment if income can be derived from other sources to meet their needs and as a result the health of the marine resources would improve. Beneficiaries agreed to join the Union Island Fisher Folks Cooperative Society (UIFFCS), in order to implement the project (was the view that the project would be more sustainable under a cooperative than as individuals). CMBP provided supplies (30 complete hives, smokers, complete suites etc.) for beneficiaries, Stephenson Foundation, in collaboration with TNC and the Union Island Fisher Folks Cooperative, sponsored the development of a 50’ x 50’ earth platform for the installation of the 30 CMBP hives; with beneficiaries’ in-kind contribution (fine tuning /leveling of platform etc.). CMBP contracted an apiculture coordinator, to further train beneficiaries in routine on the ground apiculture activities (hive maintenance, capturing of swarm, queen production, general monitoring best practices etc.). This is to ensure that beneficiaries obtain adequate experience and confidence to effectively and efficiently manage hives. The apiculture training is geared to benefit the community as follow:Increase community understanding, appreciation and acceptance for bees; Provides and alternative /complementary source of livelihood (community members no longer have to depend on fishing as a main source of livelihood); Contributes to sustainable fishing through additional income and less extraction of fisheries resources (increase job security as a fisher, in that extraction would be more sustained); Increase in knowledge and techniques to effectively and efficiently produce bee products; this will contribute to higher chances of ensuring the optimum generation of income; Time spent managing hives means time lost fishing and consequently less pressure on fisheries resources (community would benefit from recovery of fisheries stock due to less pressure). A symbiotic relationship exists between the mangrove ecosystem and the bees: Mangroves produce nectar of very high quality for honey production (it’s proven that nectar from mangroves produce the highest quality of honey); Bees support mangrove conservation by pollinating its flowers and ensuring continuation of the species.